Question: Who Came First To India British Or French?

Does England still own India?

Independence came in 1947 with the Partition of India into the dominions of India and Pakistan, within the Commonwealth of Nations.

In 1950 India became a republic and the link with the British crown was severed.

The Dominion was part of the Sterling Area (the Republic of India finally leaving in 1966)..

Was India rich before British rule?

Before British Rule (1858) Before the British ruled in India the East India trade company came to rule while India was very weak, The company made India one of the wealthiest countries in the world. They Brought trade and influence into the country basically owning the global textile trade.

Why did British give up India?

One reason why the British were reluctant to leave India was that they feared India would erupt into civil war between Muslims and Hindus. The country was deeply divided along religious lines. In 1946-47, as independence grew closer, tensions turned into terrible violence between Muslims and Hindus.

Was India a country before the British?

No, there was no country called India or there was no sense of a united nation before British rule. … This is not a characteristics of a country.

Why did the French fail in India?

The lack of naval strength of the French compared to that of the English was one of the decisive factors for the failure of the French in India. … Deficiency in naval strength was the major cause of the French failure in face of English naval superiority.

Did France ever rule India?

After 1816, it was Governor of French establishments in India (French: Gouverneur des établissements français de l’Inde’). French India became an Overseas territory (French: territoire d’outre-mer) of France in 1946.

Who looted India most?

Drawing on nearly two centuries of detailed data on tax and trade, Patnaik calculated that Britain drained a total of nearly $45 trillion from India during the period 1765 to 1938.

Who is India’s queen?

About: In 1877, Benjamin Disraeli, Conservative Prime Minister, had Queen Victoria proclaimed as Empress of India. India was already under crown control after 1858, but this title was a gesture to link the monarchy with the empire further and bind India more closely to Britain.

Were the French in India before the British?

Shakeel Anwar. The last European people to arrive in India were the French. … From their arrival until 1741 AD, the objectives of the French, like those of the British, were purely commercial. The French East India Company took hold of Yanam in 1723 AD, Mahe on Malabar Coast in 1725 AD and Karaikal in 1739 AD.

Who came to India first?

explorer Vasco de GamaPortuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast. Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa.

When did French first came to India?

The first French factory in India was established at Surat in 1668 and later one at Machillipatnam. But they were driven out by the Dutch and the British by 1720. The French settlement in India began in 1673 with the purchase of land at Chandernagore from the Mughal Governor of Bengal.